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Uncontrolled Resource Consumption

CVE-2024-28176

Severity Medium
Score 4.9/10

Summary

The package jose is a JavaScript module for JSON Object Signing and Encryption, providing support for JSON Web Tokens (JWT), JSON Web Signature (JWS), JSON Web Encryption (JWE), JSON Web Key (JWK), JSON Web Key Set (JWKS), and more. A vulnerability has been identified in the JSON Web Encryption (JWE) decryption interfaces, specifically related to the support for decompressing plaintext after its decryption. Under certain conditions, it is possible to have the user's environment consume an unreasonable amount of CPU time or memory during JWE Decryption operations. This affects jose through 2.0.6, 3.0.0 through 4.15.4, jose-node-cjs-runtime through 4.15.4, and jose-node-esm-runtime through 4.15.4.

  • LOW
  • NETWORK
  • NONE
  • UNCHANGED
  • NONE
  • HIGH
  • NONE
  • HIGH

CWE-400 - Uncontrolled resource consumption

An uncontrolled resource allocation attack (also known as resource exhaustion attack) triggers unauthorized overconsumption of the limited resources in an application, such as memory, file system storage, database connection pool entries, and CPU. This may lead to denial of service for valid users and degradation of the application's functionality as well as that of the host operating system.

Advisory Timeline

  • Published