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Insufficient Verification of Data Authenticity


Severity High
Score 7.5/10


The package json-web-token is a javascript library used to interact with JSON Web Tokens (JWT) which are a compact URL-safe means of representing claims to be transferred between two parties. Affected versions of the json-web-token library are vulnerable to a JWT algorithm confusion attack. On line 86 of the 'index.js' file, the algorithm to use for verifying the signature of the JWT token is taken from the JWT token, which at that point is still unverified and thus shouldn't be trusted. To exploit this vulnerability, an attacker needs to craft a malicious JWT token containing the HS256 algorithm, signed with the public RSA key of the victim application. This attack will only work against this library if the RS256 algorithm is in use, however, it is a best practice to use that algorithm.

  • LOW
  • HIGH
  • NONE
  • NONE
  • NONE
  • NONE

CWE-345 - Insufficient Verification of Data Authenticity

The software does not sufficiently verify the origin or authenticity of data, in a way that causes it to accept invalid data.


Advisory Timeline

  • Published