Improper Handling of Case Sensitivity
Arbitrary File Overwrite vulnerability in org.eclipse.jgit:org.eclipse.jgit versions prior to 184.108.40.206309021850-r and 6.7.x prior to 220.127.116.11309050840-r, a symbolic link present in a specially crafted git repository can be used to write a file to locations outside the working tree when this repository is cloned with JGit to a case-insensitive filesystem, or when a checkout from a clone of such a repository is performed on a case-insensitive filesystem. This can happen on checkout (DirCacheCheckout), merge (ResolveMerger via its WorkingTreeUpdater), pull (PullCommand using merge), and when applying a patch (PatchApplier). This can be exploited for remote code execution (RCE), for instance, if the file written outside the working tree is a git filter that gets executed on a subsequent git command. The issue occurs only on case-insensitive filesystems, like the default filesystems on Windows and macOS. The user performing the clone or checkout must have the right to create symbolic links for the problem to occur and symbolic links must be enabled in the git configuration. Setting git configuration option "core.symlinks = false" before checking out avoids the problem.
CWE-178 - Improper Handling of Case Sensitivity
The software does not properly account for differences in case sensitivity when accessing or determining the properties of a resource, leading to inconsistent results.