Server-Side Request Forgery (SSRF)
GeoNode is an open-source platform that facilitates the creation, sharing, and collaborative use of geospatial data. An SSRF vulnerability exists in versions 3.2.0 through 4.1.2, bypassing existing controls on the software. This can allow a user to request internal services for a full read SSRF, returning any data from the internal network. The application is using a whitelist, but the whitelist can be bypassed. The bypass will trick the application into that the first host is a whitelisted address, but the browser will use `@` or `%40` as a credential to the host geoserver on port 8080, this will return the data to that host on the response.
CWE-918 - Server-Side Request Forgery (SSRF)
Server-side request forgery (SSRF) is a weakness that allows an attacker to send an arbitrary request, making it appear that the request was sent by the server. This request may bypass a firewall that would normally prevent direct access to the URL. The impact of this vulnerability can vary from unauthorized access to files and sensitive information to remote code execution.