Uncontrolled Resource Consumption
The go-ethereum (geth) is a golang execution layer implementation of the Ethereum protocol. A vulnerable node, in verisons prior to v1.12.0 can be made to consume unbounded amounts of memory when handling specially crafted p2p messages sent from an attacker node.
CWE-400 - Uncontrolled resource consumption
An uncontrolled resource allocation attack (also known as resource exhaustion attack) triggers unauthorized overconsumption of the limited resources in an application, such as memory, file system storage, database connection pool entries, and CPU. This may lead to denial of service for valid users and degradation of the application's functionality as well as that of the host operating system.