Protection Mechanism Failure
The vm2 is a sandbox that can run untrusted code with Node's built-in modules. A sandbox escape vulnerability exists in vm2 in versions prior to 3.9.18. It abuses an unexpected creation of a host object based on the specification of "Proxy". As a result, a threat actor can bypass the sandbox protections to gain remote code execution rights on the host running the sandbox. Users are advised to upgrade. There are no known workarounds for this vulnerability.
CWE-693 - Protection Mechanism Failure
The product does not use or incorrectly uses a protection mechanism that provides sufficient defense against directed attacks against the product.