Improper Neutralization of Input During Web Page Generation ('Cross-site Scripting')
In Moodle, if the algebra filter was enabled but not functional (eg the necessary binaries were missing from the server), it presented an XSS risk. This issue affects moodle versions through 3.9.19, 3.10.0-beta through 3.11.12, 4.0.0-beta through 4.0.6 and 4.1.0-beta through 4.1.1.
CWE-79 - Cross Site Scripting
Cross-Site Scripting, commonly referred to as XSS, is the most dominant class of vulnerabilities. It allows an attacker to inject malicious code into a pregnable web application and victimize its users. The exploitation of such a weakness can cause severe issues such as account takeover, and sensitive data exfiltration. Because of the prevalence of XSS vulnerabilities and their high rate of exploitation, it has remained in the OWASP top 10 vulnerabilities for years.