Improper Access Control
Talk-Android enables users to have video & audio calls through Nextcloud on Android. Due to passcode bypass, an attacker is able to access the user's Nextcloud files and view conversations. To exploit this the attacker needs to have physical access to the target's device. There are currently no known workarounds available. It is recommended that the Nextcloud Talk Android app is upgraded to 15.0.2.
CWE-284 - Improper Access Control
Listed 5th in the 'OWASP Top Ten', improper (or broken) access control attacks are a fundamental type of vulnerability. This includes a broad range of design flaws that enable users to act outside of their intended permissions. They can use these privileges to gain access to restricted files and functionality such as accessing restricted information, falsifying records, destroying data, or executing commands.