Improper Neutralization of Input During Web Page Generation ('Cross-site Scripting')
The `sanitize-svg` package, a small SVG sanitizer to prevent Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) attacks, uses a deny-list-pattern to sanitize SVGs to prevent XSS. In doing so, literal `<script>` tags and on-event handlers were detected in versions prior to 0.4.0. As a result, downstream software that relies on `sanitize-svg` and expects resulting SVGs to be safe, may be vulnerable to cross-site scripting.
CWE-79 - Cross Site Scripting
Cross-Site Scripting, commonly referred to as XSS, is the most dominant class of vulnerabilities. It allows an attacker to inject malicious code into a pregnable web application and victimize its users. The exploitation of such a weakness can cause severe issues such as account takeover, and sensitive data exfiltration. Because of the prevalence of XSS vulnerabilities and their high rate of exploitation, it has remained in the OWASP top 10 vulnerabilities for years.