Improper Access Control
Vulnerability in the Oracle VM VirtualBox product of Oracle Virtualization (component: Core). This vulnerability affects VirtualBox versions prior to 6.1.44, and 7.0.x prior to 7.0.8. Easily exploitable vulnerability allows highly privileged attackers with logon to the infrastructure where Oracle VM VirtualBox executes to compromise Oracle VM VirtualBox. While the vulnerability is in Oracle VM VirtualBox, attacks may significantly impact additional products (scope change). Successful attacks of this vulnerability can result in unauthorized access to critical data or complete access to all Oracle VM VirtualBox accessible data.
CWE-284 - Improper Access Control
Listed 5th in the 'OWASP Top Ten', improper (or broken) access control attacks are a fundamental type of vulnerability. This includes a broad range of design flaws that enable users to act outside of their intended permissions. They can use these privileges to gain access to restricted files and functionality such as accessing restricted information, falsifying records, destroying data, or executing commands.