Improper Access Control
Omron CJ1M unit v4.0 and prior has improper access controls on the memory region where the UM password is stored. If an adversary issues a PROGRAM AREA WRITE command to a specific memory region, they could overwrite the password. This may lead to disabling UM protections or setting a non-ASCII password (non-keyboard characters) and preventing an engineer from viewing or modifying the user program.
CWE-284 - Improper Access Control
Listed 5th in the 'OWASP Top Ten', improper (or broken) access control attacks are a fundamental type of vulnerability. This includes a broad range of design flaws that enable users to act outside of their intended permissions. They can use these privileges to gain access to restricted files and functionality such as accessing restricted information, falsifying records, destroying data, or executing commands.