Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in a Command ('Command Injection')
Baicells Nova 436Q, Nova 430E, Nova 430I, and Neutrino 430 LTE TDD eNodeB devices with firmware through QRTB 2.12.7 are vulnerable to remote shell code exploitation via HTTP command injections. Commands are executed using pre-login execution and executed with root permissions. The following methods below have been tested and validated by a 3rd party analyst and has been confirmed exploitable special thanks to Rustam Amin for providing the steps to reproduce.
CWE-77 - Command Injection
A command injection attack involves injecting an operating system command through the data input, which gets executed on the host operating system with the privileges of the victimized application. The impact of a command injection attack may range from loss of data confidentiality and integrity to unauthorized remote access to the hosting system. The attack may cause serious data breaches and system takeover.