Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal')
The WP Dark Mode WordPress plugin before 4.0.8 does not properly sanitize the style parameter in shortcodes before using it to load a PHP template. This leads to Local File Inclusion on servers where non-existent directories may be traversed, or when chained with another vulnerability allowing arbitrary directory creation.
CWE-22 - Path Traversal
Path traversal (or directory traversal), is a vulnerability that allows malicious users to traverse the server's root directory, gaining access to arbitrary files and folders such as application code & data, back-end credentials, and sensitive operating system files. In the worst-case scenario, an attacker could potentially execute arbitrary files on the server, resulting in a denial of service attack. Such an exploit may severely impact the integrity, confidentiality, and availability of an application.