Server-Side Request Forgery (SSRF)
A blind Server-Side Request Forgery (SSRF) vulnerability was found in Moodle versions prior to 3.9.18, 3.11.x prior to 3.11.11, and 4.0.x prior to 4.0.5. This flaw exists due to insufficient validation of user-supplied input in LTI provider library. The library does not utilise Moodle's inbuilt cURL helper, which resulted in a blind SSRF risk. An attacker can send a specially crafted HTTP request and trick the application to initiate requests to arbitrary systems. This vulnerability allows a remote attacker to perform SSRF attacks.
CWE-918 - Server-Side Request Forgery (SSRF)
Server-side request forgery (SSRF) is a weakness that allows an attacker to send an arbitrary request, making it appear that the request was sent by the server. This request may bypass a firewall that would normally prevent direct access to the URL. The impact of this vulnerability can vary from unauthorized access to files and sensitive information to remote code execution.