Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an OS Command ('OS Command Injection')
Buffalo network devices WSR-3200AX4S firmware Ver. 1.26 and earlier, WSR-3200AX4B firmware Ver. 1.25, WSR-2533DHP2 firmware Ver. 1.22 and earlier, WSR-A2533DHP2 firmware Ver. 1.22 and earlier, WSR-2533DHP3 firmware Ver. 1.26 and earlier, WSR-A2533DHP3 firmware Ver. 1.26 and earlier, WSR-2533DHPL2 firmware Ver. 1.03 and earlier, WSR-2533DHPLS firmware Ver. 1.07 and earlier, WEX-1800AX4 firmware Ver. 1.13 and earlier, and WEX-1800AX4EA firmware Ver. 1.13 and earlier allows a network-adjacent attacker with an administrative privilege to execute an arbitrary OS command if a specially crafted request is sent to a specific CGI program.
CWE-78 - OS Command Injection
The OS command injection weakness (also known as shell injection) is a vulnerability which enables an attacker to run arbitrary OS commands on a server. This is done by modifying the intended downstream OS command and injecting arbitrary commands, enabling the execution of unauthorized OS commands. This has the potential to fully compromise the application along with all of its data, and, if the compromised process does not follow the principle of least privileges, it may compromise other parts of the hosting infrastructure as well. This weakness is listed as number ten in the 'CWE Top 25 Most Dangerous Software Weaknesses'.