Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal')
OpenHarmony-v3.1.2 and prior versions had an Multiple path traversal vulnerability in appspawn and nwebspawn services. Local attackers can create arbitrary directories or escape application sandbox.If chained with other vulnerabilities it would allow an unprivileged process to gain full root privileges.
CWE-22 - Path Traversal
Path traversal (or directory traversal), is a vulnerability that allows malicious users to traverse the server's root directory, gaining access to arbitrary files and folders such as application code & data, back-end credentials, and sensitive operating system files. In the worst-case scenario, an attacker could potentially execute arbitrary files on the server, resulting in a denial of service attack. Such an exploit may severely impact the integrity, confidentiality, and availability of an application.