SAP GRC Access control Emergency Access Management allows an authenticated attacker to access a Firefighter session even after it is closed in Firefighter Logon Pad. This attack can be launched only within the firewall. On successful exploitation the attacker can gain access to admin session and completely compromise the application.
CWE-287 - Improper Authentication
Improper (or broken) authentication attacks are widespread, and have accounted for many of the worst data breaches in recent years. Improper authentication attacks are a class of vulnerabilities where an attacker impersonates a legitimate user by exploiting weaknesses in either session management or credential management to gain access to the user’s account. This can result in disclosure of sensitive information, and can lead to system compromise, theft, identity theft, and fraud.