Insertion of Sensitive Information into Log File
An issue was discovered in the GNU C Library (Glibc) through 2.36. When the syslog function is passed a crafted input string larger than 1024 bytes, it reads uninitialized memory from the heap and prints it to the target log file, potentially revealing a portion of the contents of the heap.
CWE-532 - Insertion of Sensitive Information into Log File
It's quite common for applications to save logs. For example, whenever a user requests a resource from a particular website, the web server writes information about the request to a log file. These files are helpful for identifying abnormal system activity, bugs, and evaluating the security controls of the application. Security of log files is critical for the overall security of the application and its confidential resources. An application that lacks appropriate logging levels can expose sensitive user data and system information stored on the log files to malicious users. This info can be exploited to compromise your system.