Improper Neutralization of Input During Web Page Generation ('Cross-site Scripting')
An issue was discovered in MediaWiki prior to 1.37.3 and 1.38.x prior to 1.38.2. The contributions-title, used on Special:Contributions, is used as page title without escaping. Hence, in a non-default configuration where a username contains HTML entities, it won't be escaped.
CWE-79 - Cross Site Scripting
Cross-Site Scripting, commonly referred to as XSS, is the most dominant class of vulnerabilities. It allows an attacker to inject malicious code into a pregnable web application and victimize its users. The exploitation of such a weakness can cause severe issues such as account takeover, and sensitive data exfiltration. Because of the prevalence of XSS vulnerabilities and their high rate of exploitation, it has remained in the OWASP top 10 vulnerabilities for years.