Improper Neutralization of Input During Web Page Generation ('Cross-site Scripting')
Versions of Rails::Html::Sanitizer prior to version 1.4.3 are vulnerable to XSS with certain configurations of Rails::Html::Sanitizer which allows an attacker to inject content when the application developer has overridden the sanitizer's allowed tags to allow both select and style elements. Code is only impacted if allowed tags are being overridden.
CWE-79 - Cross Site Scripting
Cross-Site Scripting, commonly referred to as XSS, is the most dominant class of vulnerabilities. It allows an attacker to inject malicious code into a pregnable web application and victimize its users. The exploitation of such a weakness can cause severe issues such as account takeover, and sensitive data exfiltration. Because of the prevalence of XSS vulnerabilities and their high rate of exploitation, it has remained in the OWASP top 10 vulnerabilities for years.