Use of Insufficiently Random Values
Argo CD is vulnerable to a variety of attacks when an SSO login is initiated from the Argo CD CLI or UI. The vulnerabilities are due to the use of insufficiently random values in parameters in Oauth2/OIDC login flows. In each case, using a relatively predictable (time-based) seed in a non-cryptographically-secure pseudo-random number generator made the parameter less random than required by the relevant spec or by general best practices. In some cases, using too short a value made the entropy even less sufficient. The attacks on login flows that are meant to be mitigated by these parameters are difficult to accomplish but can have a high impact (potentially granting an attacker admin access to Argo CD). This issue affects versions 0.11.0-rc1 through 2.1.15, 2.2.0-rc1 through 2.2.9, 2.3.0-rc1 through 2.3.4, and 2.4.0-rc1 through 2.4.0.
CWE-330 - Use of Insufficiently Random Values
The software uses insufficiently random numbers or values in a security context that depends on unpredictable numbers.