Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal')
XWiki Platform is a generic wiki platform offering runtime services for applications built on top of it. Starting with version 8.3-rc-1 and prior to versions 12.10.3 and 14.0, one can ask for any file located in the classloader using the template API and a path with ".." in it. The issue is patched in versions 14.0 and 13.10.3. There is no easy workaround for this issue.
CWE-22 - Path Traversal
Path traversal (or directory traversal), is a vulnerability that allows malicious users to traverse the server's root directory, gaining access to arbitrary files and folders such as application code & data, back-end credentials, and sensitive operating system files. In the worst-case scenario, an attacker could potentially execute arbitrary files on the server, resulting in a denial of service attack. Such an exploit may severely impact the integrity, confidentiality, and availability of an application.