Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
A vulnerability regarding improper restriction of operations within the bounds of a memory buffer is found in the packet decryption functionality of Out-of-Band (OOB) Management. This allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via unspecified vectors. The following models with Synology DiskStation Manager (DSM) versions before 7.1.1-42962-2 may be affected: DS3622xs+, FS3410, and HD6500.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.