Improper Access Control
directus versions before 9.7.0 are vulnerable as the default value for the "CORS_ENABLED" and "CORS_ORIGIN" configuration was set to be very permissive by default. This could lead to unauthorized access in uncontrolled environments when the configuration hasn't been changed.
CWE-284 - Improper Access Control
Listed 5th in the 'OWASP Top Ten', improper (or broken) access control attacks are a fundamental type of vulnerability. This includes a broad range of design flaws that enable users to act outside of their intended permissions. They can use these privileges to gain access to restricted files and functionality such as accessing restricted information, falsifying records, destroying data, or executing commands.