An out-of-bounds write issue was addressed with improved bounds checking. This issue is fixed in macOS Monterey 12.4. An attacker that has already achieved code execution in macOS Recovery may be able to escalate to kernel privileges.
CWE-787 - Out-of-Bounds Write
Out-of-bounds write vulnerability is a memory access bug that allows software to write data past the end or before the beginning of the intended buffer. This may result in the corruption of data, a crash, or arbitrary code execution.