Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal')
HashiCorp Nomad and Nomad Enterprise 0.9.2 through 1.0.17, 1.1.11, and 1.2.5 allow operators with read-fs and alloc-exec (or job-submit) capabilities to read arbitrary files on the host filesystem as root.
CWE-22 - Path Traversal
Path traversal (or directory traversal), is a vulnerability that allows malicious users to traverse the server's root directory, gaining access to arbitrary files and folders such as application code & data, back-end credentials, and sensitive operating system files. In the worst-case scenario, an attacker could potentially execute arbitrary files on the server, resulting in a denial of service attack. Such an exploit may severely impact the integrity, confidentiality, and availability of an application.