Use of Externally-Controlled Format String
MariaDB versions 10.2.x prior to 10.2.42, 10.3.x prior to 10.3.33, 10.4.x prior to 10.4.23, 10.5.x prior to 10.5.14, 10.6.x prior to 10.6.6, 10.7.x prior to 10.7.2, and 10.8.0 CONNECT Storage Engine Format String Privilege Escalation Vulnerability. This vulnerability allows local attackers to escalate privileges on affected installations of MariaDB. Authentication is required to exploit this vulnerability. A specific flaw exists within the processing of SQL queries. The issue results from the lack of proper validation of a user-supplied string before using it as a format specifier. An attacker can leverage this vulnerability to escalate privileges and execute arbitrary code in the context of the service account. This issue was assigned to ZDI-CAN-16193.
CWE-134 - Use of Externally-Controlled Format String
The software uses a function that accepts a format string as an argument, but the format string originates from an external source.