Improper Control of Generation of Code ('Code Injection')
A code injection vulnerability exists in the Active Storage 5.2.0 through 22.214.171.124, 6.0.0 through 126.96.36.199, 6.1.0 through 188.8.131.52, and 7.0.0 through 184.108.40.206 that could allow an attacker to execute code via image_processing arguments.
CWE-94 - Code Injection
Code injection is a type of vulnerability that allows an attacker to execute arbitrary code. This vulnerability fully compromises the machine and can cause a wide variety of security issues, such as unauthorized access to sensitive information, manipulation of data, denial of service attacks etc. Code injection is different from command injection in the fact that it is limited by the functionality of the injected language (e.g. PHP), as opposed to command injection, which leverages existing code to execute commands, usually within the context of a shell.