Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an SQL Command ('SQL Injection')
Sourcecodester Online Learning System 2.0 is vunlerable to sql injection authentication bypass in admin login file (/admin/login.php) and authenticated file upload in (Master.php) file , we can craft these two vunlerablities to get unauthenticated remote command execution.
CWE-89 - SQL Injection
Structured Query Language (SQL) injection attacks are one of the most common types of vulnerabilities. They exploit weaknesses in vulnerable applications to gain unauthorized access to backend databases. This often occurs when an attacker enters unexpected SQL syntax in an input field. The resulting SQL statement behaves in the background in an unintended manner, which allows the possibility of unauthorized data retrieval, data modification, execution of database administration operations, and execution of commands on the operating system.