Missing Authentication for Critical Function
ESPHome is a system to control the ESP8266/ESP32. Anyone with web_server enabled and HTTP basic auth configured prior to version 2021.9.2 is vulnerable to an issue in which `web_server` allows over-the-air (OTA) updates without checking user defined basic auth username & password. This issue is patched in version 2021.9.2. As a workaround, one may disable or remove `web_server`.
CWE-306 - Missing Authentication for Critical Function
The software does not perform any authentication for functionality that requires a provable user identity or consumes a significant amount of resources.