Geyser is a bridge between Minecraft: Bedrock Edition and Minecraft: Java Edition. Versions of Geyser prior to 1.4.2-SNAPSHOT allow anyone that can connect to the server to forge a LoginPacket with manipulated JWT token allowing impersonation as any user. Version 1.4.2-SNAPSHOT contains a patch for the issue. There are no known workarounds aside from upgrading.
CWE-287 - Improper Authentication
Improper (or broken) authentication attacks are widespread, and have accounted for many of the worst data breaches in recent years. Improper authentication attacks are a class of vulnerabilities where an attacker impersonates a legitimate user by exploiting weaknesses in either session management or credential management to gain access to the user’s account. This can result in disclosure of sensitive information, and can lead to system compromise, theft, identity theft, and fraud.