libfetch before 2021-07-26, as used in apk-tools, xbps, and other products, mishandles numeric strings for the FTP and HTTP protocols. The FTP passive mode implementation allows an out-of-bounds read because strtol is used to parse the relevant numbers into address bytes. It does not check if the line ends prematurely. If it does, the for-loop condition checks for the '\0' terminator one byte too late.
CWE-125 - Out-of-Bounds Read
Out-of-bounds read is a vulnerability that allows access to memory beyond the authorized accessible location. Such a vulnerability compromises the confidentiality of the trusted environment in the application and enables an attacker to launch further attacks by leveraging the exposed information.