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Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an OS Command ('OS Command Injection')


Severity High
Score 9.8/10


A command injection vulnerability has been reported to affect QNAP NAS running legacy versions of QTS. If exploited, this vulnerability allows attackers to execute arbitrary commands in a compromised application. This issue affects: QNAP Systems Inc. QTS versions prior to Build 20210504; versions prior to Build 20210416. This issue does not affect: QNAP Systems Inc. QTS 4.5.3. QNAP Systems Inc. QuTS hero h4.5.3. QNAP Systems Inc. QuTScloud c4.5.5.

  • LOW
  • HIGH
  • NONE
  • NONE
  • HIGH
  • HIGH

CWE-78 - OS Command Injection

The OS command injection weakness (also known as shell injection) is a vulnerability which enables an attacker to run arbitrary OS commands on a server. This is done by modifying the intended downstream OS command and injecting arbitrary commands, enabling the execution of unauthorized OS commands. This has the potential to fully compromise the application along with all of its data, and, if the compromised process does not follow the principle of least privileges, it may compromise other parts of the hosting infrastructure as well. This weakness is listed as number ten in the 'CWE Top 25 Most Dangerous Software Weaknesses'.


Advisory Timeline

  • Published