Improper Neutralization of Special Elements in Output Used by a Downstream Component ('Injection')
In Userfrosting, versions 0.3.1 through 4.6.2 are vulnerable to Host Header Injection. By luring a victim application user to click on a link, an unauthenticated attacker can use the “forgot password” functionality to reset the victim’s password and successfully take over their account.
CWE-74 - Injection
Listed as the number one web application security risk on the 'OWASP Top Ten', injection attacks are widespread and dangerous, especially in legacy applications. Injection attacks are a class of vulnerabilities in which an attacker injects untrusted data into a web application that gets processed by an interpreter, altering the program's execution. This can result in data loss/theft, loss of data integrity, denial of service, and even compromising the entire system.