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Improper Certificate Validation

CVE-2021-20328

Severity Medium
Score 6.8/10

Summary

Specific versions of the Java driver that support client-side field level encryption (CSFLE) fail to perform correct host name verification on the KMS server's certificate. This vulnerability in combination with a privileged network position active MITM attack could result in interception of traffic between the Java driver and the KMS service rendering Field Level Encryption ineffective. This issue was discovered during internal testing and affects versions of the Java driver that support CSFLE. The Java async, Scala, and reactive streams drivers are not impacted. This vulnerability does not impact driver traffic payloads with CSFLE-supported key services originating from applications residing inside the AWS, GCP, and Azure network fabrics due to compensating controls in these environments. This issue does not impact driver workloads that don't use Field Level Encryption. This issue affects MongoDB drive versions 3.11.0-beta4 through 3.11.2, 3.12.0 through 3.12.7, 4.0.0-beta1 through 4.0.5, 4.1.0-beta1 through 4.1.1, and 4.2.0-alpha8 through 4.2.0.

  • HIGH
  • ADJACENT NETWORK
  • HIGH
  • UNCHANGED
  • NONE
  • NONE
  • HIGH
  • NONE

CWE-295 - Improper Certificate Validation

The authenticity component of a web system stems from the ability to validate “Digital certificates”, which (i) establish trust between two or more entities sharing data over a network; (ii) ensure data at rest and transit is secure from unauthorized access; and (iii) check the identity of the actors that interact with the system. An application with absent or ineffective certificate validation mechanisms allows malicious users, impersonating trusted hosts, to manipulate the communication path between the client and the host, resulting in unauthorized access to data and to the application’s internal environment, and potentially enabling man-in-the-middle attacks.

Advisory Timeline

  • Published