Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal')
Arbitrary filesystem write vulnerability in Yarn before 1.22.0 allows attackers to write to any path on the filesystem and potentially lead to arbitrary code execution by forcing the user to install a malicious package.
CWE-22 - Path Traversal
Path traversal (or directory traversal), is a vulnerability that allows malicious users to traverse the server's root directory, gaining access to arbitrary files and folders such as application code & data, back-end credentials, and sensitive operating system files. In the worst-case scenario, an attacker could potentially execute arbitrary files on the server, resulting in a denial of service attack. Such an exploit may severely impact the integrity, confidentiality, and availability of an application.