Insertion of Sensitive Information into Log File
A vulnerability in the CLI of Cisco AsyncOS for Cisco Email Security Appliance (ESA) and Cisco AsyncOS for Cisco Content Security Management Appliance (SMA) could allow an authenticated, remote attacker to access sensitive information on an affected device. The vulnerability is due to excessive verbosity in certain log subscriptions. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by accessing specific log files on an affected device. A successful exploit could allow the attacker to obtain sensitive log data, which may include user credentials. To exploit this vulnerability, the attacker would need to have valid credentials at the operator level or higher on the affected device.
CWE-532 - Insertion of Sensitive Information into Log File
It's quite common for applications to save logs. For example, whenever a user requests a resource from a particular website, the web server writes information about the request to a log file. These files are helpful for identifying abnormal system activity, bugs, and evaluating the security controls of the application. Security of log files is critical for the overall security of the application and its confidential resources. An application that lacks appropriate logging levels can expose sensitive user data and system information stored on the log files to malicious users. This info can be exploited to compromise your system.