Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in a Command ('Command Injection')
Certain Zyxel products allow command injection by an admin via an input string to chg_exp_pwd during a password-change action. This affects VPN On-premise before ZLD V4.39 week38, VPN Orchestrator before SD-OS V10.03 week32, USG before ZLD V4.39 week38, USG FLEX before ZLD V4.55 week38, ATP before ZLD V4.55 week38, and NSG before 1.33 patch 4.
CWE-77 - Command Injection
A command injection attack involves injecting an operating system command through the data input, which gets executed on the host operating system with the privileges of the victimized application. The impact of a command injection attack may range from loss of data confidentiality and integrity to unauthorized remote access to the hosting system. The attack may cause serious data breaches and system takeover.