Improper Neutralization of Special Elements in Output Used by a Downstream Component ('Injection')
Innokas Yhtymä Oy Vital Signs Monitor VC150 prior to Version 1.7.15 HL7 v2.x injection vulnerabilities exist in the affected products that allow physically proximate attackers with a connected barcode reader to inject HL7 v2.x segments into specific HL7 v2.x messages via multiple expected parameters.
CWE-74 - Injection
Listed as the number one web application security risk on the 'OWASP Top Ten', injection attacks are widespread and dangerous, especially in legacy applications. Injection attacks are a class of vulnerabilities in which an attacker injects untrusted data into a web application that gets processed by an interpreter, altering the program's execution. This can result in data loss/theft, loss of data integrity, denial of service, and even compromising the entire system.