Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an OS Command ('OS Command Injection')
SAP Business Warehouse, versions - 700, 701, 702, 731, 740, 750, 751, 752, 753, 754, 755, 782, and SAP BW4HANA, versions - 100, 200 allows an attacker authenticated with (high) developer privileges to submit a crafted request to generate and execute code without requiring any user interaction. It is possible to craft a request which will result in the execution of Operating System commands leading to Code Injection vulnerability which could completely compromise the confidentiality, integrity and availability of the server and any data or other applications running on it.
CWE-78 - OS Command Injection
The OS command injection weakness (also known as shell injection) is a vulnerability which enables an attacker to run arbitrary OS commands on a server. This is done by modifying the intended downstream OS command and injecting arbitrary commands, enabling the execution of unauthorized OS commands. This has the potential to fully compromise the application along with all of its data, and, if the compromised process does not follow the principle of least privileges, it may compromise other parts of the hosting infrastructure as well. This weakness is listed as number ten in the 'CWE Top 25 Most Dangerous Software Weaknesses'.