Improper Verification of Cryptographic Signature
Dex is a federated OpenID Connect provider written in Go. In Dex before version 2.27.0 there is a critical set of vulnerabilities which impacts users leveraging the SAML connector. The vulnerabilities enables potential signature bypass due to issues with XML encoding in the underlying Go library. The vulnerabilities have been addressed in version 2.27.0 by using the xml-roundtrip-validator from Mattermost (see related references).
CWE-347 - Improper Verification of Cryptographic Signature
A cryptographic protocol is meant to ensure that services are provided in a secure manner. An application with absent or improper verification of cryptographic signatures allows malicious users to feed false messages to valid users or to disclose sensitive data, subverting the goals of the protocol. This can lead to security failures such as false authentication, account hijacking, and privilege escalation.