Improper Neutralization of Input During Web Page Generation ('Cross-site Scripting')
Liferay CMS Portal version 7.1.3 and 7.2.1 have a blind persistent cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability in the user name parameter to Calendar. An attacker can insert the malicious payload on the username, lastname or surname fields of its own profile, and the malicious payload will be injected and reflected in the calendar of the user who submitted the payload. An attacker could escalate its privileges in case an admin visits the calendar that injected the payload.
CWE-79 - Cross Site Scripting
Cross-Site Scripting, commonly referred to as XSS, is the most dominant class of vulnerabilities. It allows an attacker to inject malicious code into a pregnable web application and victimize its users. The exploitation of such a weakness can cause severe issues such as account takeover, and sensitive data exfiltration. Because of the prevalence of XSS vulnerabilities and their high rate of exploitation, it has remained in the OWASP top 10 vulnerabilities for years.