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Improper Neutralization of Special Elements in Output Used by a Downstream Component ('Injection')


Severity High
Score 9.8/10


A Server-Side Freemarker template injection vulnerability in halo CMS v1.1.3 In the Edit Theme File function. The ftl file can be edited. This is the Freemarker template file. This file can cause arbitrary code execution when it is rendered in the background. exp: <#assign test="freemarker.template.utility.Execute"?new()> ${test("touch /tmp/freemarkerPwned")}

  • LOW
  • HIGH
  • NONE
  • NONE
  • HIGH
  • HIGH

CWE-74 - Injection

Listed as the number one web application security risk on the 'OWASP Top Ten', injection attacks are widespread and dangerous, especially in legacy applications. Injection attacks are a class of vulnerabilities in which an attacker injects untrusted data into a web application that gets processed by an interpreter, altering the program's execution. This can result in data loss/theft, loss of data integrity, denial of service, and even compromising the entire system.


Advisory Timeline

  • Published