If LDAP authentication is enabled, an LDAP authentication bypass vulnerability in Trend Micro Vulnerability Protection 2.0 SP2 could allow an unauthenticated attacker with prior knowledge of the targeted organization to bypass manager authentication. Enabling multi-factor authentication prevents this attack. Installations using manager native authentication or SAML authentication are not impacted by this vulnerability.
CWE-287 - Improper Authentication
Improper (or broken) authentication attacks are widespread, and have accounted for many of the worst data breaches in recent years. Improper authentication attacks are a class of vulnerabilities where an attacker impersonates a legitimate user by exploiting weaknesses in either session management or credential management to gain access to the user’s account. This can result in disclosure of sensitive information, and can lead to system compromise, theft, identity theft, and fraud.