Silver Peak Unity Orchestrator versions prior to 8.9.11+, 8.10.11+, or 9.0.1+ uses HTTP headers to authenticate REST API calls from localhost. This makes it possible to log in to Orchestrator by introducing an HTTP HOST header set to 127.0.0.1 or localhost. Orchestrator instances that are hosted by customers –on-premise or in a public cloud provider –are affected by this vulnerability.
CWE-287 - Improper Authentication
Improper (or broken) authentication attacks are widespread, and have accounted for many of the worst data breaches in recent years. Improper authentication attacks are a class of vulnerabilities where an attacker impersonates a legitimate user by exploiting weaknesses in either session management or credential management to gain access to the user’s account. This can result in disclosure of sensitive information, and can lead to system compromise, theft, identity theft, and fraud.