Improper Neutralization of Special Elements in Output Used by a Downstream Component ('Injection')
cpp-httplib before 0.5.9 does not filter \r\n in parameters passed into the set_redirect and set_header functions, which creates possibilities for CRLF injection and HTTP response splitting in some specific contexts.
CWE-74 - Injection
Listed as the number one web application security risk on the 'OWASP Top Ten', injection attacks are widespread and dangerous, especially in legacy applications. Injection attacks are a class of vulnerabilities in which an attacker injects untrusted data into a web application that gets processed by an interpreter, altering the program's execution. This can result in data loss/theft, loss of data integrity, denial of service, and even compromising the entire system.