Deserialization of Untrusted Data
Deserialization of Untrusted Data in the Sitecore.Security.AntiCSRF (aka anti CSRF) module in Sitecore CMS 7.0 to 7.2 and Sitecore XP 7.5 to 8.2 allows an unauthenticated attacker to execute arbitrary code by sending a serialized .NET object in the HTTP POST parameter __CSRFTOKEN.
CWE-502 - Deserialization of Untrusted Data
Deserialization of untrusted data vulnerabilities enable an attacker to replace or manipulate a serialized object, replacing it with malicious data. When the object is deserialized at the victim's end the malicious data is able to compromise the victim’s system. The exploit can be devastating, its impact may range from privilege escalation, broken access control, or denial of service attacks to allowing unauthorized access to the application's internal code and logic which can compromise the entire system.