Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in a Command ('Command Injection')
ColdFusion versions Update 3 and earlier, Update 10 and earlier, and Update 18 and earlier have a command injection vulnerability. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
CWE-77 - Command Injection
A command injection attack involves injecting an operating system command through the data input, which gets executed on the host operating system with the privileges of the victimized application. The impact of a command injection attack may range from loss of data confidentiality and integrity to unauthorized remote access to the hosting system. The attack may cause serious data breaches and system takeover.