A vulnerability in the HTTP API of Cisco Enterprise Chat and Email could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to download files attached through chat sessions. The vulnerability is due to insufficient authentication mechanisms on the file download function of the API. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by sending a crafted request to the API. A successful exploit could allow the attacker to download files that other users attach through the chat feature. This vulnerability affects versions prior to 12.0(1)ES1.
CWE-287 - Improper Authentication
Improper (or broken) authentication attacks are widespread, and have accounted for many of the worst data breaches in recent years. Improper authentication attacks are a class of vulnerabilities where an attacker impersonates a legitimate user by exploiting weaknesses in either session management or credential management to gain access to the user’s account. This can result in disclosure of sensitive information, and can lead to system compromise, theft, identity theft, and fraud.