Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal')
/var/WEB-GUI/cgi-bin/downloadfile.cgi on FiberHome HG2201T 1.00.M5007_JS_201804 devices allows pre-authentication Directory Traversal for reading arbitrary files.
CWE-22 - Path Traversal
Path traversal (or directory traversal), is a vulnerability that allows malicious users to traverse the server's root directory, gaining access to arbitrary files and folders such as application code & data, back-end credentials, and sensitive operating system files. In the worst-case scenario, an attacker could potentially execute arbitrary files on the server, resulting in a denial of service attack. Such an exploit may severely impact the integrity, confidentiality, and availability of an application.